Survival kits refer to emergency supplies and gear that will assist in surviving when there are sudden or anticipated man-made tragedies and naturally occurring catastrophes.
These come in various kinds which are seen not only in homes but also in lifeboats, military aircraft, disaster response teams, etc.
When natural calamities strike areas in a certain country, no one can be safe from devastating effects like fatalities, human injuries, loss of shelter, damage to properties, and more. Even man-made disasters can significantly affect the life of any person.
When the challenge of survival is faced, humans are inclined to gather things like food, medicine, clothes, and water to support their needs – which make up emergency survival kits. These packages are relevant because each contains supplies for day to night protection (shelter and clothes), energy boosters (food and water), and other items necessary to survive a day.
Lives are at Stake: Value of Survival Kits
Survival kits are essential not only for those residents living near calamity-prone areas but also with every family residing anywhere around the world. No one is secured especially when large-scale accidents happen or natural, but destructive disasters occur. Even if people expect calamities to happen, no one will ever predict the extent of damage and the impact of those in the people’s lives.
With this in mind, people who stay near fault lines, which are susceptible to earthquakes and aftershocks, must prepare in advance their survival kits. Those who work near or residing close to coastlines, which are vulnerable to harmful wind blows and tsunamis, must also be geared toward supplies. Even those residents near mountains who can be prone to landslides and soil erosion must organize their supply kits early.
When people are ready, they will no longer rush in gathering things when sudden catastrophes happen or they will avoid being left with nothing to survive the aftermath of tragedies. When disaster response teams and other forms of help fail to take action immediately, survivors will only have themselves and their survival kits to help them out.
Look Inside: Contents of Survival Kits
After getting ideas about the significance of emergency survival kits, knowing the proper contents must be next on the list. Survival will not be named as such if it does not meet the needs of a person. Therefore, each kit must contain basic items that will help and not hinder a person’s survival. Sometimes when a person views something as sentimental, he/she finds it hard to leave. However, when life is at stake, items that will only aid in living must be carried.
Contents of survival kits may vary according to the number of residents in a house, types of disasters commonly occurring in the area, and specific crucial needs of a family member (i.e. medicine). Such kits must include the following items and supplies:
For shelter and protection, kits must include blankets, lightweight tents, tie-tapes, raincoats, and/or waterproof pillows. When preparing things needed for sleeping or shade, take note the number of people that will occupy or use the shelter. If there are more than five members of a family, choose larger kinds of tents.
When warmth is vital, it will be best to include waterproof matches, cigarette lighter, and fire piston (Ferrocerium rod) to make fire. People may also consider securing cotton pads coated with petroleum (kept in containers) to start the fire. Fire is not only useful when cooking meals or boiling water, it is also valuable to make signals and for visibility purposes.
For injuries and other medically related needs, survival kits require supplies for first aid including, but not limited to bandages, gauze pads, adhesive tape, surgical razor, gauze tape, disinfectant pads, band-aids, latex/rubber gloves, antibiotic cream, rubbing alcohol, aspirin, medical tweezers, sterile dressing, medications/creams for allergies, suture kit, tablets for diarrhea or infection, sunscreen lotion, and supply of prescription medicines.
To maintain energy needs, food and water supplies are included. Every survival kit must contain energy-enriched foods that can last for days, water in sealed containers, water purification tablets, canned foods, and other ready-to-eat foods. When the supply can no longer meet the needs of the survivors, items such as heavy-duty aluminum foils, fishing tools, and lightweight traps will assist in providing food and water.
To ask for rescue, consider bringing the compass, whistles, signal mirrors, LED lights, flares, laser pointers, and surveyor’s tapes to mark locations. These will help when lost in the wilderness or when locations are unreachable by response teams. Other items that must be included in survival kits are trash bags, multi-tool knives, durable needles, Swiss Army knives, candles, sturdy cords, and small axes.
Appropriate Supplies: Typical Categories of Survival kits
Disasters are wide ranging which can be caused by human negligence, corporate activities (mining), natural movements within the earth’s crust, etc. With all those occurring catastrophes, most survival kits differ depending on the situation and necessity. Here are some of the common types:
Earthquake survival kits, for instance, are those sets of supplies prepared in advance to meet needs during the repercussions of destructive earthquakes. Experts recommend families to prepare ready-to-eat food and water supply including water purification tablets and water filters good for one week. Also include first aid kits, flashlights, sanitary bags, extra long lasting batteries, goggles, whistles, extra cash, dust masks, and battery-powered radios. When there are missing family members, keep family photos. Furthermore, secure insurance files and other documents.
Wilderness survival kits, on the other hand, are helpful when lost during camping, tours and field trips. Like other kits, food and water are both essential. Other essential items include compass, tents, flashlight, waterproof matches or lighters, flares, Swiss knife, fishing tools, small candles, first aid kit, and survival guides. Actually, there are pre-packed survival kits available for campers and tourists.
Military survival kits often depend on team operations and locations. For instance, in deserted places, supplies kits must have the basics like water and food items. Useful items like the compass, whistle, matches, sunglasses, portable shelter (tents), and medical kits are also included.
Whatever situation, calamity or disaster a family experiences, it’s undeniable how important survival kits are to support each member especially when hope seems to disappear and when life is at stake.